Saturday, February 8, 2020
British North America Secedes from the Empire - Essay Example Although such a question is necessarily broad and would require a thesis length response to capture the full depth and complexity exhibited therein, this brief essay will seek to establish the points as succinctly and efficiently as possible so as to provide the reader with a broad overview and analysis of key issues without becoming distracted by the sheer complexity that such an issue necessarily presents. In order to begin the discussion into the right of the people to secede and ultimately engage in violent struggle against their former government, the reader/researcher must first consider the situation throughout the rest of the British Empire prior to the outbreak of discontent and violence within the American colonies. Due to e very expensive Seven Years War, also known in the colonies as the French-Indian War, the British Empire found itself in a high level of debt. As with most governmental structures at that time, it was necessary for the British government to work to pay o ff this debt as soon as possible so as to give the Empire and the Crown a level of overall sovereignty and wealth (Cook 74). A little known fat with reference to the tax ratio in the colonies was the fact that it was in all actuality much lower than the tax rates of any other British possessions around the world. As a function of this, the royal review of parliament judged that it only made logical sense to add to the overall level of taxation within the colonies as a means of paying off this debt. As can be seen from history, this acted as a flashpoint of hardly subtle frustration that the colonists already harbored with relation to British rule. In this way, the political aspect of this taxation served to reignite the frustrations faced by the colonists at being what they termed as second class citizens. Whereas many historical interpretations have distorted the role that the taxes ultimately played in spurring the revolution onwards, the fact of the matter is that the taxes only served to provide the flashpoint upon which the other malcontents were able to focus their negative energies with regards to seeking to resist the British Empire and her influence over the colonies. Secondary and tertiary reasons for why the colonists decided to make the issue of higher taxation the proverbial line in the sand are concentric around the fact that the United States was a mercantile economy at the time and was highly dependent upon the British to continue to ignite the fire that kept the colonyÃ¢â¬â¢s economies burning brightly. However, the situation appeared, at least to the colonists, to be one sided as they were forced to sell many raw materials and finished and unfinished goods back to the British without accruing any type of Ã¢â¬Å"clawbackÃ¢â¬ tax; whereas, at the same time, the British were able to sell finished products within the American economy, as well as constrict the sale and transfer of Ã¢â¬Å"inter-American tradeÃ¢â¬ by emplacing special taxes upon such goods (Porter 27). This of course led to a groundswell of anger that could only be channeled by the common derision and hatred for the increased cost of living that was passed along to all; both rich and poor. Adding insult to injury with
Wednesday, January 29, 2020
Visual Evidences on the Genocide in Darfur Essay There is an old saying that goes Ã¢â¬Å"a picture paints a thousand words. Ã¢â¬ There is almost perfect truth in this proverb. Images are worth more than the medium on which they were created, the colors they show, the shapes and textures they protrude and the subjects they portray. They keep inside literally a million of information. In fact, the human mind registers images better than words or sounds. This concept can be seen in teaching grade school students, where images are used a lot. Also, presenters use a lot of pictures in their slides to illustrate points and mark their theses. Ultimately, photographs are tools used not only to capture still life images, but also to relay messages and thoughts. Sometimes these informations are vague, and hard to understand. Such as that in abstract paintings, where different observers and art critics can have varying interpretations, each having perfect sense. But there are images that have straightforward notes, photographs that have only one perfect meaning and description. These clear cut photographs were used by Nick Kristof in one of his works. These were just a few taken from an archive of photographs on the genocide in Darfur (Kristof, 2005). He posted these on a website, available to the masses, with some paragraphs of his own editorial. By doing so, his article gained a huge advantage over other essays found regarding the same topic. This is due to the attention catching theme of the photographs. Kristof posted pictures of dead humans, killed in bizarre and very disturbing ways. An onlooker would immediately notice the article as something unusual, something catchy and probably worth their time. But the real essence of these photographs was their ability to portray several principles and concepts about the genocide happening in Darfur. First it gives an idea of who are killed. Of course, the editorial gives us information about it. The author wrote all about the Arabs driving out the Africans (Kristof, 2005). But by the pictures themselves, one can decipher that fact without prior knowledge of the genocide Ã¢â¬â the four photos show four corpses of Africans. These images are powerful enough to stir a lookerÃ¢â¬â¢s consciousness towards these Africans. Another is the idea of mercilessly killing anybody. The first picture greatly stresses this point. In this image one can see a young boy, lying dead and facing the ground. From his small body one can estimate his age to be no higher than about 4 years old. At a very young age, he was attacked, as the editorial notes, together with his brother and mother. He was still wearing his home clothes, and even had a pair of shoes on his feet when he was killed. This represents one of the many child killings that happened during the genocide. There was no space to spare anyone, and every African was subjected to death. The photographs also show the mutilations and tortures the victims endure before finally being put down. On one image, a skeleton lies with the hands tied together with pants pulled down up to the knees. This suggests the possibility of sexual torture before killing the victim (Kristof, 2005). This image in particular tends to stick out because of the skeleton corpse. This shows the lack of proper burial, and that the dead bodies of the Africans are just left to rot and decompose on the hot sand. These pictures do tell their own story. As a matter of fact, I think the four images are enough to portray the misery and darkness in Darfur. By themselves, a lot of information can be taken about the mistreatment and inhuman actions of the Sudan government towards the Africans. The authorÃ¢â¬â¢s action in accompanying his editorial with these photographs took his subject a level higher. Not only did the pictures catch all important attention, they also created a kind of tension that tends to spark feelings on observers. These visual evidences on the genocide in Darfur are very strong and more effective compared to voices and texts describing it. By placing photographs, the author created a face-to-face frame, where the audiences are faced with the dark truth and evidence about the slaughter. References Kristof, N. D. (2005). The secret genocide archive. The New York Times website. Retrieved March 11, 2008 from http://www. nytimes. com/2005/02/23/opinion/23kristof. html? _r=2oref=sloginoref=slogin
Tuesday, January 21, 2020
The Iraqi War has Made a Fool of George Bush There were several wars in the twentieth century that caught the attention of the people. World War II, Vietnam War and The Cold War are only a few of the many wars we lived by. Now, in the twentieth first century the first war we have lived is the Iraqi War. The United States started a war against Iraq for causes that brought more negative than positive effects for the Iraqi people. II. CAUSES The Iraqi War started for allegations the U.S. had against Iraq with the United Nations. Even though Saddam Hussein, the President of Iraq gave a report to the United Nations of all the arms he possessed, the United States decided to take action superceding the United NationÃ¢â¬â¢s diplomatic process and go into war. Another cause of the Iraqi War was because the United States promised to liberate Iraqis from the HusseinÃ¢â¬â¢s regime. Iraq had been in a regime where they did not have any liberty and they were robbed by their own government. This cause was another excuse for President Bush and his administration to declare a war against Iraq. A year after the war, the Iraqi people seem worst than before the war started. II.POSITIVE EFFECTS Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã A positive effect of the Iraqi War left was the overthrown of Saddam Hussein. With their advanced technology, the United StatesÃ¢â¬â¢ military could strategize smartly where Hussein was and captured him. Because Hussein was accused for having in possession nuclear and biological weapons of mass destruction, the capture certainly was a relief for the whole world. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Another positive effect of the Iraqi War is the opportunity of Iraq to a new government. Gubash mentions about the war effect on Iraqi government, Ã¢â¬Å"The U.S. Ã¢â¬â led overthrow of a dictator has accelerated the pressure for political and social reform that began in the wake of September 11, 200, terrorist attacks. For years, people have been clamoring for democratic reform while Arab regimes have just as staunchly resisted any change that that would erode their grip on powerÃ¢â¬ (4). Many Iraqi people lived in fear because they never knew what to expect next of their dictator. Feisal Amin Al-Istrabadi, a Chicago lawyer said, Ã¢â¬Å"This is a day weÃ¢â¬â¢ve been waiting for 35 years.Ã¢â¬ (qtd. In Ã¢â¬Å"IraqiÃ¢â¬Å" 1). Iraqis now feel somewhat liberated by the drastic change in their government. III. NEGATIVE EFFECTS One effect of the Iraqi ... ...ates asked the Iraqi people not to fear the war because they promised a new democracy. They repeatedly told the Iraqi people they were going to be at liberty. Many Iraqi hoped for a new life style with a new government where democracy really could rule their lives. It has been a year after the war and no positive results have seen. Sukkar quotes in Gubash, Ã¢â¬Å"I donÃ¢â¬â¢t think American credibility has been at a lower level at anytime in the past Syria. Proposals about democratic initiatives have no credibility whatsoever. The U.S. does not tackle the Arab-Israeli conflict which is the crux of the problemÃ¢â¬ ¦ It goes ahead and occupies another country. You cannot talk about democracy and right of self determination and invade someoneÃ¢â¬â¢s territory without legimacy.Ã¢â¬ (5). The reality is that the United States has not helped the people of Iraq to achieve a new government; they have actually made it worst than what it was. V. CONCLUSION In The United States Bush Administration has clearly made a fool of them with the world. Now a year later, the poor people of Iraq are mad and angry because they have not seemed a new democratic government, nor a positive change as the U.S. promised.
Monday, January 13, 2020
Ã Thought (Hugin) and Memory (Munin) were the two ravens that went unto the world to observe and return to tell of what all men do, Driven by further search for knowledge, Odin begged Mimir, the wise, to allow him to drink from the well of wisdom, for this he consented to lose an eye. Ã¢â¬Å"Wounded I hung on wind swept gallows For nine long nights, Pierced by a spear, pledged to Odin, Offered myself to myself: The wisest know not from whence spring The roots of that ancient rood. They gave me no bread, they gave me no mead: I looked down; with a loud cry I took up the runes and I fell. Ã¢â¬ (The Elder Edda 56) Here we find Odin once more sacrificing himself for knowledge, In The Ultimate Encyclopedia of Mythology it is said that Odin actually died on the gallows of Yggdrasil, that he traversed Nifleheim, or Hel in order to obtain the nine sacred runes, that seem to be extremely powerful as described in The Elder Edda. The Ultimate Encyclopedia of Mythology adds yet another theory to Odin hanging himself, Ã¢â¬ The parallel between OdinÃ¢â¬â¢s voluntary death on Yggdrasil and the crucifixion remains striking. Odin was pierced with a spear and like Christ, cried out before he diedÃ¢â¬ ¦ there is little doubt that his hanging on the cosmic tree had pre-Christian origins and derived from ancient pagan worship. Odin had long been the god of the spear, the god of the hanged. Ã¢â¬ This could definitely be determined as less than speculation, seeing as we must rely on our sources and to this point one could say that this is a very valid and well thought out work. Regardless of minor differences in text again we must as they did default ourselves to the larger span of information. There were two different groups of gods in Scandinavian Mythology, The Aesir and the Vanir. Each having their own respective dwelling place, Asgard for the Aesir, and Vanaheim for the Vanir. Of the two, The Vanir have been said to be the older. Ã¢â¬Å"Unlike the warrior Aesir, the Vanir were a race of gods associated with fertility, wealth, and good weather. Ã¢â¬ (The Ultimate Encyclopedia of Mythology 500) Among the Vanir were, Njord, the sea and fortune god, Skadi, the god of destruction, Freyja, the goddess of love, and Freyr the god of Fertility. Among the Aesir were, Odin, Balder, Bragi, Forseti Heimdall, Hodr, Thor, Tyr, Vili, Ve, Vidar, Frigg, Sif, and Idun. At one point in time there was a great war between these two branches of gods, yet both the Aesir, and the Vanir came to terms by exchanging several prominent gods of each side. The Vanir sent Njord, Freyr, Freyja, and Kvasir, while the Aesir sent Mimir, and Honir. The Vanir soon found that they got the bad end of the deal due to the fact that Mimir was the only one who knew what he was talking about, and that in his absence Honir, wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t really that bright. The Vanir then sliced of MimirÃ¢â¬â¢s head and sent it back to Asgard, where Odin used Powerful magic to allow MimirÃ¢â¬â¢s head to speak. Little else is known of the Vanir, they seemed to lose importance quickly after it was concluded that the war was resolved however it was noted that Vanaheim, was potentially unaffected by Ragnarok. This shows evidence of two religions colliding with Scandinavian and Germanic mythology. Revealing to us that Scandinavian mythology has most definately influenced by other ancient tales and stories. (Cherry, Vanaheim) Scandinavian mythology might have been the inspiration to several works of modern day literature. It is Nicole CherryÃ¢â¬â¢s opinion that Ã¢â¬Å"Tolkien was very well acquainted with the northern mythos, as can be seen by the use of it in his books. The name of one of his main characters, Gandalf, is found in The Poetic Edda. Gandalf is, in some ways, reminiscent of Odin, the leader of the Norse pantheon. Even the name Middle-earth, the setting for TolkienÃ¢â¬â¢s The Lord of the Rings, comes from Norse mythology. Ã¢â¬ There are several other modern day works of literature based on or derived from Scandinavian mythology as well, such as, The Ring of the Nibelung and The Nibelungenlied. These works, may well show the effect and legacy of Scandinavian Mythology in the World. Another notable element of TolkeinÃ¢â¬â¢s Lord of The Rings was his use of the ring itself to the Viings the ring meant wealth honor fame and destiny. It was in fact a tradition to give rings to neighboring countries, bringing to notice the ever prominent focal point of the Lord of the Rings. (Day 29) There is no Heaven or Hell in Scandinavian mythology, the only hope is to be brought up to Asgard by a Valkyrie or Ã¢â¬Å"Battle MaidenÃ¢â¬ . Even then those chosen or the Einherjar (The Heroic dead) faced defeat at Ragnarok in the Final Battle on the Vigrid Plain. This may be unlike any other focal point of religion known. It reasons in many ways that the only way to gain honor is to die in battle unfaltering. Scandinavian Mythology, although comparable to other religions or other pagan beliefs is an original and unique work of the Norwegians, Swedish, Icelandic, and Danish peoples of Europe. Hamilton describes it justly by saying, Ã¢â¬ Asgard, the home of the gods, is unlike any other heaven men have dreamed of. No radiancy or joy is in it, no assurance of bliss, it is a grave and solemn place, over which hangs the threat of inevitable doomÃ¢â¬ ¦ the same is true for humanityÃ¢â¬ ¦ this conception of life which underlies Norse religion, as somber a conception the human mind has ever given birth toÃ¢â¬ ¦ A heroic deathÃ¢â¬ ¦ is not a defeat, but a triumph. Ã¢â¬ Show preview only The above preview is unformatted text This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE JRR Tolkien section. Ã
Sunday, January 5, 2020
Researching German family history eventually means delving into documents written in German. Records written in German may also be found inÃ Switzerland, Austria, and parts of Poland, France, Hungary, the Czech Republic, Denmark, and other places that Germans settled. Even if you dont speak or read German, however, you can still make sense of most genealogical documents found in Germany with the understanding of a few key German words. Common English genealogy terms, including record types, events, dates, and relationships are listed here, along with German words with similar meanings, such as words commonly used in Germany to indicate marriage, including marry, marriage, wedding, wedlock, and unite. Record Types Birth Certificate - Geburtsurkunde, GeburtsscheinCensus - VolkszÃ ¤hlung, VolkszÃ ¤hlungslisteChurch Register - Kirchenbuch, Kirchenreister, Kirchenrodel, PfarrbuchCivil Registry - StandesamtDeath Certificate - Sterbeurkunde, TotenscheinMarriage Certificate - HeiratsurkundeMarriage Register - HeiratsbuchMilitary - MilitÃ ¤r, Armee (army), Soldaten (soldier) Family Events Baptism / Christening -Taufe, Taufen, GetaufteBirth - Geburten, Geburtsregister, Geborene, geborenBurial - Beerdigung, Beerdigt, Begraben, BegrÃ ¤bnis, BestattetConfirmation - Konfirmation, FirmungenDeath - Tot, Tod, Sterben, Starb, Verstorben, Gestorben, SterbefÃ ¤lleDivorce - Scheidung, EhescheidungMarriage - Ehe, Heiraten, Kopulation, EheschlieÃÅ¸ungMarriage Banns - Proklamationen, Aufgebote, VerkÃ ¼ndigungenMarriage Ceremony, Wedding - Hochzeit, Trauungen Family Relationships Ancestor - Ahnen, Vorfahre, VorfahrinAunt - TanteBrother - Bruder, BrÃ ¼derBrother-in-law - Schwager, SchwÃ ¤gerChild - Kind, KinderCousin - Cousin, Cousins, Vetter (male), Kusine, Kusinen, Base (female)Daughter - Tochter, TÃ ¶chterDaughter-in-law - Schwiegertochter, SchwiegertÃ ¶chterDescendant - AbkÃ ¶mmling, Nachkomme, NachkommenschaftFather - Vater, VÃ ¤terGranddaughter - EnkelinGrandfather - GroÃÅ¸vaterGrandmother - GroÃÅ¸mutterGrandson - EnkelGreat-grandfather - UrgroÃÅ¸vaterGreat-grandmother - UrgroÃÅ¸mutterHusband - Mann, Ehemann, GatteMother - MutterOrphan - Waise, VollwaiseParents - ElternSister - SchwesterSon - Sohn, SÃ ¶hneUncle - Onkel, OheimWife - Frau, Ehefrau, Ehegattin, Weib, Hausfrau, Gattin Dates Date - DatumDay - TagMonth - MonatWeek - WocheYear - JahrMorning - Morgen, VormittagsNight - NachtJanuary - Januar, JÃ ¤nnerFebruary - Februar, FeberMarch - MÃ ¤rzApril - AprilMay - MaiJune - JuniJuly - JuliAugust - August,September - September (7ber, 7bris)October - Oktober (8ber, 8bris)November - November (9ber, 9bris)December - Dezember (10ber, 10bris, Xber, Xbris) Numbers One (first) - eins (erste)Two (second) - zwei (zweite)Three (third) - drei or dreÃ ¿ (dritte)Four (fourth) - vier (vierte)Five (fifth) -Ã fÃ ¼nf (fÃ ¼nfte)Six (sixth) - sechs (sechste)Seven (seventh) - sieben (siebte)Eight (eighth) - acht (achte)Nine (ninth) - neun (neunte)Ten (tenth) - zehn (zehnte)Eleven (eleventh) - elf or eilf (elfte or eilfte)Twelve (twelfth) -Ã zwÃ ¶lf (zwÃ ¶lfte)Thirteen (thirteenth) - dreizehn (dreizehnte)Fourteen (fourteenth) - vierzehn (vierzehnte)Fifteen (fifteenth) -Ã fÃ ¼nfzehn (fÃ ¼nfzehnte)Sixteen (sixteenth) - sechzehn (sechzehnte)Seventeen (seventeenth) - siebzehn (siebzehnte)Eighteen (eighteenth) - achtzehn (achtzehnte)Nineteen (nineteenth) - neunzehn (neunzehnte)Twenty (twentieth) - zwanzig (zwanzigste)Twenty-one (twenty-first) - einundzwanzig (einundzwanzigste)Twenty-two (twenty-second) -Ã zweiundzwanzig (zweiundzwanzigste)Twenty-three (twenty-third) -Ã dreiundzwanzig (dreiundzwanzigste)Twenty-four (twenty-fourth) -Ã vierundzwan zig (vierundzwanzigste)Twenty-five (twenty-fifth) -Ã fÃ ¼nfundzwanzig (fÃ ¼nfundzwanzigste)Twenty-six (twenty-sixth) -Ã sechsundzwanzig (sechsundzwanzigste)Twenty-seven (twenty-seventh) -Ã siebenundzwanzig (siebenundzwanzigste)Twenty-eight (twenty-eighth) -Ã achtundzwanzig (achtundzwanzigste)Twenty-nine (twenty-ninth) -Ã neunundzwanzig (neunundzwanzigste)Thirty (thirtieth) -Ã dreiÃÅ¸ig (dreiÃÅ¸igste)Forty (fortieth) -Ã vierzig (vierzigste)Fifty (fiftieth) -Ã fÃ ¼nfzig (fÃ ¼nfzigste)Sixty (sixtieth) -Ã sechzig (sechzigste)Seventy (seventieth) -Ã siebzig (siebzigste)Eighty (eightieth) -Ã achtzig (achtzigste)Ninety (ninetieth) -Ã neunzig (neunzigste)One hundred (one hundredth) -Ã hundert orÃ einhundert (hundertste or einhundertste)One thousand (one thousandth) - tausend or eintausend (tausendste or eintausendste) Other Common German Genealogical Terms Archive - ArchivCatholic - KatholischEmigrant, Emigration - Auswanderer, AuswanderungFamily Tree, Pedigree - Stammbaum, AhnentafelGenealogy - Genealogie, AhnenforschungImmigrant, Immigration - Einwanderer, EinwanderungIndex - Verzeichnis, RegisterJewish - JÃ ¼disch, JudeName, given - Name, Vorname, TaufnameName, maiden - Geburtsname, MÃ ¤dchennameName, surname - Nachname, Familienname, Geschlechtsname, SunameParish - Pfarrei, Kirchensprengel, KirchspielProtestant - Protestantisch, Protestant, Evangelisch, Lutherisch For more common genealogy terms in German, along with their English translations, see German Genealogical Word List at FamilySearch.com.
Saturday, December 28, 2019
Sample details Pages: 4 Words: 1246 Downloads: 10 Date added: 2017/06/26 Category Business Essay Type Argumentative essay Did you like this example? Understand culture play an important role in an organization, people meeting together in a same place with different background such as race, gender, religions, attitude and behavior. In this assignment we going to elaborate the issues that take place in an organization among the employees, then with the support of two journals we talk about role that the total quality management pays on the employees job satisfaction which lead us to reward and recognition, customer focus, organizational culture and team work to satisfy or to praise the employees and perform the organizational goals. The second journal we will explain the influence of corporate culture and organizational commitment on performance. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time! Our writers will create an original "The Organizations Culture With Managers Jobs Business Essay" essay for you Create order The following theme consist the relationship between culture and managers jobs then end the process with some points of recommendations. 2.0 Introduction. Conflict is a normal and natural part of our workplaces and lives. As people with diverse background come together in a working environment, differences in opinion, attitudes and beliefs. However conflict does not submit itself to a single and widely accepted definition, different peoples have given different definitions. Since all individual have different mindset, it is quite possible that there may be arguments or differences of opinion according certain issues. This happen most often in workplaces. Generally there are many types of conflict but the majority of them are found in places of work because most of our time is spend there. the three types of conflict are task conflict, relationship conflict and process conflict which happens among the people in an organization or in any kind of work place where people spend time working during the day. Issues occurs when one or two social entities is required to engage in an activity that is deferent with his or her needs or interests , wants some mutually desirable resources that is in short supply, such that the wants of everyone may not be fully satisfied. 2.1 Literature Review Journal 1: Employees job satisfaction is one of the major common approach viewed in the employees just because most of the employees are satisfied when they perform at a higher level in an organization. The implementation of the total quality management in an organization will involve the management and employees to a continuous improvement of the production of goods and services within the organization. Total quality management make the employees get implicate in his/her work and make changes in an organization. The TQM practices help an organizations business strategy towards the increase in employees job satisfaction such as Reward and recognition which consist of a system an organization or a company to reward the employees based on their task accomplishments on work quality and the company compensation system to encourage teams and individual contributor which result in increasing the salary of the workers, bonus and promotion resulting from the annual review of performance to congratula te them from their hard work which lead to a satisfaction of the employee. Customer focus which consist of a firm continuing to satisfy customer needs and expectations. Organization culture refers to a set of values, beliefs shared by members in a workplace. A good understanding of the organizational culture can lead to a job satisfaction and performance of the organization goals. Team work consist of an organization different members working together as a team in the same project which result in facilitating employees ability to work together and get a job done fast than if it was just one person. TQM encourages managers to lead their people or make a best use their staff and resources in order to create value for the customer. 2.2 Literature review of journal 2: Employees involvement in decision making as well as the organizations capability to adapt to changing circumstances impact positively on employee commitment to the organization. This is however not the case for organizations that are consistent, as well as employees identification with the mission of the organization. Corporate culture is important in improving the level of employee commitment to the organization. Not all corporate cultural measures impact on employee commitment. According to ( Kotter and Heskett 1992), corporate culture can be referred to as a set of values, beliefs, and behavior patterns that form the core identity of organizations, and help in shaping the employees behavior. The practices of corporate culture are positive towards employees commitment on performance and this in turn, lead to the organizational success. Therefore, many other organizations are practicing these dimensions of corporate culture to perform better and show positive results for a long period of time. Organizational commitment is referred to as a willingness of social actors to give their energy and loyalty to a social system or an effective attachment to an organization apart from the purely instrumental worth of the relationship (Buchanan, 1974). It is also the employees psychological attachment to the organization. They are three components which is affective commitment referred to the positive emotions of employees to a particular organization. For example, affective commitment is an employee who identifies the goals of an organization, and has the courage to remain with the organization. Continuance commitment refers to the employees commitment to the organization due to their perceived high cost of losing organizational membership. Normative commitment referred to the employees commitment to the organization due to their feelings of obligation. For example an organization may have invested resources in training to improve employees skills and then the emplo yees feel an moral obligation to improve their work and remain with the company. Employees can any time be committed by any of these three components at a level on intensity. 3.0 Organizations culture with managers jobs. Every business has implemented an organizational culture no matter how big or small. Each company created its own culture using a system of values and performances. A manager job in a company depends on how the company wants the manger to interact with the other employees and how much authority power he is given. The manager in the organization is the one who control the employees and make sure that the follow the system of culture set by the organization. He also decides who should get rewarded based of the activeness, discipline, and solves conflict among the member of the same or different teams. A manager should be an example of the other employees regarding on following the culture of an organization. 4.0 Recommendation. Organizational Power culture-Usually seen in small organizations, everything turns around the main person, all decision taken is made by them and they preserve absolute responsibility in any situation. The success of power culture depends on the capabilities of the focal person. Organizations with sort type of culture can take action quickly to events, but they are strongly dependent for their continued success on the capacity of the people at the centre. Role culture- referred to a culture based on the existence of rules and regulations frameworks. The hierarchy and bureaucracy dominate in this type of organization. Position is the main power source in the role culture as well as rules and procedures are the keys methods of influence. It finds it difficult to adapt to change; it is usually slow to identify the need for it and to respond correctly. Task Culture- This type culture uses a small team advance, where people have a knowledge of understanding and specialized in their own field of expertise. The expertise within this type of organization is vested in the individual within it and it is them who must be organized in way that it meets the needs of the business.
Thursday, December 19, 2019
As Good As It Gets is romantic comedy that focuses on the relationships between a single mother/waitress named Carol, a reclusive obsessive-compulsive author named Melvin, and a gay artist named Simon. In the beginning you start to create ideas based on first impressions but all of those first impressions are put to the test when the artist gets injured. In this essay we will closely examine the relationship between Melvin Udall and Simon Bishop using KnappÃ¢â¬â¢s Relational Development Model. In KnappÃ¢â¬â¢s Model views the relationship development as a process with steps that need to be completed to deem a relationship successful. Therefore, all of the steps must be done one-at-a-time and in order to make sure they are effective and successful. The movie clearly illustrates these Ã¢â¬Å"stepsÃ¢â¬ for us to see. In the opening of the movie you can start to see the relationship and ideals between Melvin and Simon. Melvin is harassing SimonÃ¢â¬â¢s dog and throws him in the ga rbage and when he is confronted by SimonÃ¢â¬â¢s assistant Frank, Melvin makes a jumble of bigoted comments to Frank about gays and blacks. Melvin also makes bigoted comments and rants to Simon when approached after finding his dog. This first stage of the Coming Together phase in the Relationship Development Model is the Initiating Stage where first impressions between the two people involved are made once the initial contact has been made. Simon thinks that Mr. Udall is a ruthless bigoted brute and Mr. Udall thinks that Simon is